European Social Studies Circle (Egypt)
From Anarchy In Action
"In 1881 in Alexandria, anarchists had established a European Social Studies Circle (Circolo europeo di studii sociali) where they discussed social questions and were operating a clandestine press for the printing of posters."
- Anthony Gorman, "'Diverse in Race, Religion and Nationality...But United in Aspirations of Civil Progress': The Anarchist Movement in Egypt 1860-1940" in ed. Steven Hirsch and Lucien Van der Walt, Anarchism and Syndicalism in the Colonial and Post-Colonial World 1870-1940: The Praxis of National Liberation, Internationalism, and Social Revolution (Boston: Brill, 2010), 8.