File:Stroop Report - Warsaw Ghetto Uprising 13.jpg

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Summary

Captured Hehalutz fighters  wikidata:Q57245042 reasonator:Q57245042
Photographer
Unknown authorUnknown author (Franz Konrad confessed to taking some of the photographs, the rest was probably taken by photographers from Propaganda Kompanie nr 689.[1][2])
Captured Hehalutz fighters
Title
Captured Hehalutz fighters
label QS:Lbr,"Poltred prizoniadezed Hehalutz"
label QS:Len,"Captured Hehalutz fighters"
label QS:Lzh,"被捕的犹太先锋队战士"
label QS:Lzh-hans,"被捕的犹太先锋队战士"
label QS:Lzh-hant,"被捕的猶太先鋒隊戰士"
Object type photograph Edit this at Wikidata
Original caption
Original or archival image caption, which may be erroneous, biased, obsolete or politically extreme.
German: Mit Waffen gefangene Weiber der Haluzzenbewegung
Hehalutz women captured with weapons
title QS:P1476,de:"Mit Waffen gefangene Weiber der Haluzzenbewegung"
label QS:Lde,"Mit Waffen gefangene Weiber der Haluzzenbewegung"
label QS:Lfr,"Des femmes de la résistance juive capturées avec des armes"
label QS:Lpl,"Schwytane z bronią w ręku kobiety z ruchu chalucowego"
label QS:Lcs,"Hehalutz ženy zajmuty se zbraněmi"
label QS:Len,"Hehalutz women captured with weapons"
label QS:Leo,"Hehalutz virinoj militkaptitaj kun armiloj"
Depicted people

right to left:

  1. Małka Zdrojewicz Horenstein.[3] (She survived internment in the Majdanek camp; moved to Palestine in 1946, where she married, change name to Horenstein, and had four children.)[4][5]
  2. Bluma Wyszogrodzka[3] (shot[6])
  3. Rachela Wyszogrodzka (gassed in Auschwitz)[6] or Rukhele Lauschvits[3]
Date between 19 April 1943 and 16 May 1943
date QS:P571,+1943-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P1319,+1943-04-19T00:00:00Z/11,P1326,+1943-05-16T00:00:00Z/11
Dimensions Height: 30 cm (11.8 in) Edit this at Wikidata; Width: 22 cm (8.6 in) Edit this at Wikidata
dimensions QS:P2048,+30U174728
dimensions QS:P2049,+22U174728
institution QS:P195,Q38945047
Accession number
Warsaw copy Nr.26
Notes

Recollections of Malka Zdrojewicz Horenstein: “We went to a neutral place in the ghetto area and climbed down into the underground sewers. Through them, we girls used to carry arms into the ghetto; we hid them in our boots. During the ghetto uprising, we hurled Molotov cocktails at the Germans.

“After the suppression of the uprising, we went into hiding, taking refuge in an underground shelter where a large quantity of arms was piled up. But the Germans detected us and forced us out. I happened to be there with Rachela and Bluma Wyszogrodzka (and that is how they took our picture) ...

“Rachela and I, together with the others, were driven to the Umschlagplatz. They later took us to Majdanek from there.”
References

Publications:

Authority control
Source High-resolution image from http://narademo.umiacs.umd.edu/cgi-bin/isadg/viewitem.pl?item=55460
Other versions
Placement in the original document:
Warsaw copy page #27



Book

Captured Hehalutz fighters  Template:Stroop Report wikidata:Q57245042 reasonator:Q57245042
Author
Title
German: Es gibt keinen jüdischen Wohnbezirk in Warschau mehr!
The Jewish Quarter of Warsaw is No More!
title QS:P1476,de:"Es gibt keinen jüdischen Wohnbezirk in Warschau mehr!"
label QS:Lde,"Es gibt keinen jüdischen Wohnbezirk in Warschau mehr!"
label QS:Lpl,"Żydowska dzielnica mieszkaniowa w Warszawie już nie istnieje!"
label QS:Len,"The Jewish Quarter of Warsaw is No More!"
Object type photograph Edit this at Wikidata
Description
Deutsch: Niederschlagung des Aufstandes im Warschauer Ghetto. Foto von Jürgen Stroop in einem Bericht an Heinrich Himmler vom Mai 1943.
English: Stroop Report: a report written by Jürgen Stroop for Heinrich Himmler about liquidation of Warsaw Ghetto in May 1943.
Polski: Raport Stroopa: raport z maja 1943, napisany przez Jürgena Stroopa do Heinricha Himmlera na temat likwidacji getta warszawskiego.
עברית: דו"ח סטרופ, נכתב על ידי יורגן סטרופ להיינריך הימלר על דיכוי המרד בגטו ורשה במאי 1943
Language German
Date between 19 April 1943 and 16 May 1943
date QS:P,+1943-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P1319,+1943-04-19T00:00:00Z/11,P1326,+1943-05-16T00:00:00Z/11
 Edit this at Wikidata
Dimensions Height: 30 cm (11.8 in) Edit this at Wikidata; Width: 22 cm (8.6 in) Edit this at Wikidata
dimensions QS:P2048,+30U174728
dimensions QS:P2049,+22U174728
NARA copy:
institution QS:P195,Q518155
Warsaw copy:
institution QS:P195,Q705173
Accession number
  • Warsaw copy: Source Record ID: 238-IMT-1061PS-Box 21-22
  • NARA copy: Source Record ID: 4/202z-Inv.4498
Authority control
Captured Hehalutz fighters  wikidata:Q57245042 reasonator:Q57245042
Artist
 Edit this at Wikidata
Captured Hehalutz fighters
Title
Captured Hehalutz fighters
label QS:Lbr,"Poltred prizoniadezed Hehalutz"
label QS:Len,"Captured Hehalutz fighters"
label QS:Lzh,"被捕的犹太先锋队战士"
label QS:Lzh-hans,"被捕的犹太先锋队战士"
label QS:Lzh-hant,"被捕的猶太先鋒隊戰士"
Object type photograph Edit this at Wikidata
Date between 19 April 1943 and 16 May 1943
date QS:P,+1943-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P1319,+1943-04-19T00:00:00Z/11,P1326,+1943-05-16T00:00:00Z/11
 Edit this at Wikidata
Publication date May 1943
date QS:P,+1943-05-00T00:00:00Z/10
Dimensions Height: 30 cm (11.8 in); Width: 22 cm (8.6 in)
dimensions QS:P2048,30U174728
dimensions QS:P2049,22U174728
institution QS:P195,Q38945047
Accession number
Object history
  • 1943: Three leather bound albums were created for Heinrich Himmler, Friedrich Krueger and Jürgen Stroop, and one unbound file copy of the report (das Konzept) remained in Warsaw, in the care of Chief of Staff Jesuiter.[7]
  • 1945: According to statement given in 1945 by Stroop's adjutant Karl Kaleshke, to US authorities in Wiesbaden, he ordered Stroops copy of the report burnt with other secret documents in Burg Kranzberg.[1]
  • 1945: After the war only two of the four copies were discovered, those belonging to Himler and Jesuiter.[2] Himler's copy went to Seventh Army Intelligence Center (SAIC) and Jesuiter's to Military Intelligence Research Section (MIRS) in London.[1] Several sources stated that German Bundesarchiv also had a copy in Koblenz.[8][9][2] However, in reply to inquiries by Richard Raskin, Bundesarchiv stated that third copy of report was never in their possession.[7]
  • : Both copies were exhibited at the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg in November 1945, sharing the document number 1061-PS, and used in the trial as “US Exhibit 275”.[7]
  • 1947: Both copies were used at International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg in the trial of Oswald Pohl as exhibit 503.
  • : Himler/SAIC copy of the Stroop report and Katzmann Report were handed over by Fred Niebergal, head of Office of Chief of Counsel for War Crimes – OCCWC, to Bernard Acht, head of Polish Military Mission in Nuremberg.[1]
  • 1948: Jesuiter/MIRS copy of the report went to National Archives (NARA) in Washington, D.C., where it remains.[7]
  • : The Warsaw (Himler/SAIC) copy of the report was used in Jürgen Stroop trial at Warsaw Criminal District Court,[2] and transferred afterwards to KC PZPR archive.[1]
  • 1952: The Warsaw copy is transferred to "Główna Komisja Badania Zbrodni Hitlerowskich w Polsce" and it successor Instytut Pamięci Narodowej – Komisja Ścigania Zbrodni przeciwko Narodowi Polskiemu where it remains. [1]
References

Text of the report and the photographs can be found at:

References
Authority control
Source


Licensing

Public domain
This photograph is in the public domain because according to the Art. 3 of copyright law of March 29, 1926 of the Republic of Poland and Art. 2 of copyright law of July 10, 1952 of the People's Republic of Poland, all photographs by Polish photographers (or published for the first time in Poland or simultaneously in Poland and abroad) published without a clear copyright notice before the law was changed on May 23, 1994 are assumed to be in the public domain in Poland.
To uploader: Please provide where and when the image was first published.
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This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired and its author is anonymous.
This applies to the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of 70 years after the work was made available to the public and the author never disclosed their identity.
Important: Always mention where the image comes from, as far as possible, and make sure the author never claimed authorship.
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Note: In Germany and possibly other countries, certain anonymous works published before July 1, 1995 are copyrighted until 70 years after the death of the author. See Übergangsrecht. Please use this template only if the author never claimed authorship or their authorship never became public in any other way. If the work is anonymous or pseudonymous (e.g., published only under a corporate or organization's name), use this template for images published more than 70 years ago. For a work made available to the public in the United Kingdom, please use Template:PD-UK-unknown instead.
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Applications-graphics.svg This is a retouched picture, which means that it has been digitally altered from its original version. Modifications: removed dust and scratches, adjusted brightness on washed-out parts of the negative. Modifications made by Buidhe.

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This image has been assessed under the valued image criteria and is considered the most valued image on Commons within the scope: Female resistance fighters during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. You can see its nomination here.

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current23:39, 11 July 2020Thumbnail for version as of 23:39, 11 July 20202,100 × 2,937 (1.28 MB)Buidherestoration based on the original tif

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