Fraternity of the Red Flag
The Fraternity of the Red Flag was a revolutionary organization established in California around 1912. Har Dayal, an anarchist and Indian expatriate, founded of the Ghardar Party, which opposed British colonization of India. The fraternity ran the “Bakunin Institute,” an anarchist “monastery” in Oakland based on the ideas of the Spanish educator Fransisco Ferrer.
Any radical over twenty years of age could join the Fraternity. A prospective member would spend a year of “moral and intellectual preparation” under the guidance of an existing member, and then pledge to uphold “the eight principles of Radicalism”, including:
4. The establishment of communism, and the abolition of private property in land and capital through industrial organization and the General Strike.
5. The establishment of free, fraternal cooperation, and the ultimate abolition of the coercive organization of Government.
6. The promotion of science and sociology, and the abolition of religion and metaphysics.
7. The establishment of Universal Brotherhood, and the abolition of patriotism and race feeling.
8. The establishment of the complete economic, moral, intellectual and sexual freedom of women, and the abolition of prostitution, marriage, and other instituts based on the enslavement of women.
- Maia Ramnath, Decolonizing Anarchism: An Anti-Authoritarian History of India's Liberation Struggle (Oakland: AK Press, 2011), 93-95. http://libcom.org/files/Maia%20Ramnath%20-%20Decolonizing%20Anarchism.pdf