Oka Crisis

From Anarchy In Action

In 1990, Mohawks in Oka (near "Montreal") held a 77-day blockade which successfully stopped the construction of a proposed golf course and energized Indigenous resistance across "Canada."

Warrior Publications summarizes:

The Oka Crisis of 1990 involved the Mohawk territories of Kanehsatake/Oka & Kahnawake, both located near Montreal, Quebec. The standoff began with an armed police assault on a blockade at Kanehsatake on July 11, 1990, which saw one police officer shot dead in a brief exchange of gunfire. Following this, 2,000 police were mobilized, later replaced by 4,500 soldiers with tanks & apcs, along with naval & air support… The armed warriors at both Kanehsatake & Kahnawake inspired widespread support & solidarity from Indigenous people throughout the country. Protests, occupations, blockades, & sabotage actions were carried out, an indication of the great potential for rebellion amongst Indigenous peoples.

This manifestation of unity & solidarity served to limit the use of lethal force by the government in ending the standoff. Overall, Oka had a profound effect on Indigenous peoples and was the single most important factor in re-inspiring our warrior spirit. The 77-day standoff also served as an example of Indigenous sovereignty, and the necessity of armed force to defend territory & people against violent aggression by external forces.[1]

  1. Quoted in Peter Gelderloos, The Failure of Nonviolence (Left Bank Books, 2013). Retrieved from The Anarchist Library, https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/peter-gelderloos-the-failure-of-nonviolence.