Schwarze Scharen

From Anarchy In Action

Schwarze Scharen (Black Flocks) were an Anarchist anti-fascist militia established in 1929 in Germany to protect meetings of the Anarchist-Syndicalist organizations known as the Free Workers' Union of Germany (FAUD) and the Syndicalist-Anarchist Youth. Dressed in all black, they engaged in puppetry, music, and theater as well as street-fighting with Nazis. Although their "ranks never exceeded the hundreds," they became the main opposition to fascism in some towns.[1]

  1. Mark Bray, Antifa: The Anti-Fascist Handbook (Brooklyn: Melville House, 2017), 22-23.